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The United States Navy's "Sea, Air, and Land" Teams, commonly abbreviated as the Navy SEALs, are the U.S. Navy's primary special operations force and a component of the Naval Special Warfare Command. Among the SEALs' main functions are conducting small-unit maritime military operations that originate from, and return to, a river, ocean, swamp, delta, or coastline. The SEALs are trained to operate in all environments (sea, air, and land) for which they are named.

All SEALs are male members of the United States Navy. The CIA's highly secretive Special Activities Division (SAD) and more specifically its elite Special Operations Group (SOG) recruits operators from the SEAL Teams, with joint operations go back to the MACV-SOG during the Vietnam War. This cooperation still exists today, as evidenced by military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.


The modern day U.S. Navy SEALs can trace their roots to World War II. The United States Navy recognized the need for the covert reconnaissance of landing beaches and coastal defenses. As a result, the Amphibious Scout and Raider School was established in 1942 at Fort Pierce, Florida. The Scouts and Raiders were formed in September of that year, just nine months after the attack on Pearl Harbor, from the Observer Group, a joint U.S. Army-Marine-Navy unit.

Selection and Training[]

Before getting accepted into Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL training, a prospective candidate must pass a certain number of both mental and physical requirements. These tests include: Pre-enlistment medical screening, ASVAB, AFQT, C-SORT, and PST. Then, the candidate must get a SEAL contract by passing the SEAL Physical Screening Test: 500 yard swim in 12:30, 50 push-ups in 2 minutes, 50 sit-ups in 2 minutes, 10 consecutive pull-ups in 2 minutes, and a 1.5 mile run in 10:30. Candidates receiving a passing score may then be admitted into training to become Navy SEALs. SEAL training is extremely rigorous. The attrition rate fluctuates, but averages at about 80 percent. The average candidate spends over a year in a series of formal training courses before being awarded the Special Warfare Operator Naval Rating and the Navy Enlisted Classification (NEC) 5326 Combatant Swimmer (SEAL) or, in the case of commissioned naval officers, the designation Naval Special Warfare (SEAL) Officer.

Navy SEAL training pipeline:

  • 8-week Naval Recruit Training
  • 8-week Naval Special Warfare Prep School
  • 24-week Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL (BUD/S) Training
  • 3-week Parachute Jump School
  • 26-week SEAL Qualification Training (SQT)

Upon graduation from SQT, trainees receive the coveted Navy SEAL Trident, designating them as Navy SEALs. They are subsequently assigned to a SEAL Team or SEAL Delivery Vehicle (SDV) Team and begin 18-months of pre-deployment training before they are considered deployable.

This training consists of:

  • 6-month Professional Development - Individual Specialty Training (ProDev)
  • 6-month Unit Level Training (ULT)
  • 6-month Squadron Integration Training (SIT)

Those enlisted SEALs with a medical rating will first attend the Special Operation Combat Medic Course for 6 months in Fort Bragg, North Carolina before joining a team in order to become a SEAL medic. Those pursuing Officer positions first attend the Junior Officer Training Course to learn about operations planning and how to perform team briefings. In total, it can take over 2.5 years to completely train a Navy SEAL for his first deployment.

Members and Rank[]

Image Name
United States Navy Uniforms 3.png Lieutenant Commander Steve McGarrett (reserves)
Graham Wilson.jpg Special Warfare Operator 2nd Class Graham Wilson (honorable discharge)
Vlcsnap-2013-06-20-03h08m58s18.png Lieutenant Nick Taylor (honorable discharge)†
365f270e5e3b48409628391ff111f4d0.png Lieutenant Commander Joe White (Ret.)†
Wade Gutches.png Commander Wade Gutches (Ret.)
Clay Garcia.png Petty Officer Clay Garcia† (killed, 2011)
Bradley Jacks.png Lieutenant Bradley Jacks
Special Agent Sam Hanna.png Senior Chief Special Warfare Operator Sam Hanna (honorable discharge)
Vlcsnap-2013-10-03-05h05m24s170.png Lieutenant Commander Freddie Hart† (KIA, 2010)
Billy Harrington.png Lieutenant Commander Billy Harrington (honorable discharge)†
Junior (Beulah).jpg Special Warfare Operator 2nd Class Junior Reigns (honorable discharge)

Navy SEAL Sayings Heard in the Show[]

The Only Easy Day Was Yesterday
Every day you need to work harder than the last.
Be Someone Special
Posted at BUD/S: if you become a Navy SEAL, you’ll need to work everyday to be someone special.
Depending on tone used: 1. I’m so damn motivated 2. Yes! 3 F#@K You!
Pain is weakness Leaving the Body
Training to be a Navy SEAL is painful. But as you get stronger you don’t feel as much pain.
You did something wrong and now have to do pushups. (Min. of 20 before asking permission to recover)
Say Goodnight to The Sun
Lined up on the beach, Hellweek students get to Say Goodnight To The Sun and hello to the drop in temperature each night.
The More You Sweat In Training, The Less You Bleed In Combat
You need to train harder and longer than your enemies to survive.